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HOCHBAHN Annual Report 2015

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We link up Hamburg | Management | Management Report | Annual Financial Statements | Further Information 2. ECONOMIC REPORT 2.1 Overall economic and industry situation a) Overall economic situation Once again, 2015 was a successful business year for the HOCHBAHN. Passenger numbers continued to increase, in line with the overarching strategic aims. Thanks to an extended range of options offered by the HOCHBAHN, both in quantity and quality, and supported by the favourable development of outside parameters, including a growing population, the company was able to acquire additional passengers in the year under review. Despite a difficult international environment, Hamburg’s economy was in excellent shape in 2015. In the first half of the year, nominal GDP for Hamburg rose by 4.1 % compared with the same period in 2014. After adjusting for price differences, this represented a real economic growth rate of 2.0 %. GDP growth year-on-year thus perceptibly gained momentum. In contrast to 2014, economic activity in Hamburg posted above-average growth in 2015 again. Real growth in Hamburg in the first half of 2015 outperformed the national average in Germany (+ 1.4 %) by 0.6 percentage points. 1) Average German economic growth for the whole year 2015 stood at 1.7 %. 2) The situation on the Hamburg labour market improved slightly during the year under review. The unemployment rate was down year-on-year by 0.1 percentage points, posting a figure of 7.1 % overall in December 2015. 3) In the first half of 2015, the population of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg stood at 1,770,162, and thus grew by 1.2 % over the same period of 2014. 4) The number of cars in Hamburg also rose from 750,510 in 2014 5) to 761,655 in 2015 6) (+ 1.5 %). b) Developments and parameters in the transport sector Local public transport – a growth sector The numbers of passengers in the German local public transport sector were up again last year. With 10 billion passengers in purely arithmetical terms, 0.5 % more people used local public transport than in 2014. The increase in the number of passengers was due to an increase in the local public road transport segment. Passenger numbers in the local public rail transport segment were down year-on-year by 1.0 %. Fare revenues were up by 3.5 % to a total of € 11.7 billion and the transport performance went down by 0.3 % to 92.8 billion passenger kilometres. 6) 1) 2) 3) 4) 20 5) 6)

Annual Report 2015 Preliminary figures Number of passengers using public transport (millions) according to VDV statistics and change compared with previous year 2015 1) 2014 2013 2) Total number of passengers using public transport (millions) acc. to VDV statistics (journeys by operators) 10,004 9,954 9,825 Change compared with previous year (%) 0.5 1.3 0.8 1) The figures for 2015 are preliminary data based on extrapolation from the first three quarters. 2) The figures for 2013 have been adjusted accordingly. 2.2 Business development The development in the demand for services by the various public transport associations in the whole of Germany in 2015 presented a mixed picture. While several associations posted a decline in passenger load factors of as much as 2 %, others reported increases of up to 3 % (partially as a result of the expansion of the transport associations concerned). In the HVV area too, positive development in demand was posted in 2015. The continuing boom in Hamburg tourism, rising population and employment numbers and positive consumer confidence are major causes of this development. Based on preliminary figures, the HOCHBAHN expects passenger numbers to have reached almost 433 million people 1) (including those changing lines) in 2015. This would represent a rise of 1.5 % over the previous year. Despite a similar level of building activity to 2014, both transport segments were able to contribute to the positive trend in demand. Building work in the year under review consisted first and foremost in further conversion of stations to enable barrier-free access, longer term track renewal work between the stations Klosterstern and Jungfernstieg in the U -Bahn segment and further work on the bus optimisation programme. Transport revenues in the HVV in 2015 are expected to have gone up by 3.3 % 1) year-onyear. The increase was thus once again above the average price rise of 2.6 % in January 2015. The decline in the numbers of apprentices and trainees as well as schoolchildren travelling with us was compensated by a rise in demand from students. A positive development was apparent above all in subscriptions from corporate customers and in weekly season tickets. Cash sales of tickets have stabilised again. On the basis of the preliminary data available, the HOCHBAHN expects a similar increase 3.31 % 1) from the pro rata fare revenues of the association. 1) provisional figures 21

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